Tagged: pros

Interview with Demotix

Email Interview with citizen journalism group, Demotix

 Do you consider citizen journalism a gift or menace to news reporters?

If a reporter cares about the future of journalism and transparency they should consider citizen journalism a plus. Citizen journalism is very fair, and the pay scale is much more giving as well. More importantly, instead of sending a journalist with little knowledge of a foreign place, we now have the local citizens telling the stories.

When do you believe the phrase ‘citizen journalist’ became common?

I’d just wiki that.

Do you believe that the nature of the citizen journalist has changed in the past decade? (e.g. now anybody with a phone can be a journalist).

Phones have definitely changed everything, specifically smartphones and apps. This is something that has yet to really pick up, but it certainly will. Ex: The Hudson River crash

What do you consider to be the pros and cons of citizen journalists?

There are dozens of pros, but one con is reliability and a lack-of a unified code of ethics. But, these are are obstacles, which can be tackled with a proper editorial staff.


Do you think there are any economical implications for working news reporters that cause them to rely on citizen journalists?

News papers are definitely relying on citizen journalists or untapped professional journalists. Images especially are coming from the scene all across the Middle East and Africa directly from local citizen journalists. These aren’t reporters placed by news papers or agencies.


Do you believe a relationship between the ‘professional’ and the citizen journalist could be successfully operated?

100% – a lot is still to be revealed, but its well on its way –  especially in our office.

What do you predict for the future of citizen journalism?

Citizen journalism will not be the only way, but it will have a huge holding in the media. I think this is unstoppable. Citizen journalism can likely help save the media industry as well. Transparency across the globe will heavily increase as well as citizen journalism grows. This will also create a larger calling for good fact finders.

Interview with Michael Bromley

Email interview with Professor of Journalism, Michael Bromley

Do you consider citizen journalism a gift or menace to news reporters?

I don’t think it is either. it can assist reporters by providing additional information, perspective; and it can hinder by being misleading or inaccurate.

When do you believe the phrase ‘citizen journalist’ became common?

Probably with the emergence of ohmynews – sometime soon after 2000

Do you believe that the nature of the citizen journalist has changed in the past decade? (e.g. now anybody with a phone can be a journalist).

No. fundamentally, citizen journalism is the same as it was. what has changed is the scope of various allied practices, such as user-generated content (which is not synonymous with citizen journalism).

What do you consider to be the pros and cons of citizen journalists?

Pros = multiplicity of voices; multi-perspectival; expansion of the public sphere; a counter to corporate media dominance. cons = lack of definition (anything counts).

Do you think there are any economical implications for working news reporters that cause them to rely on citizen journalists?

The economic constraints on reporters were evident long before cj appeared. indeed, it could be argued that the gross deficiencies in reporting which built up from the 1980s gave rise to cj because vast areas of human activity were simply not being reported either adequatetly or at all.

Do you believe a relationship between the ‘professional’ and the citizen journalist could be successfully operated?

Interesting question, and one which is asked in many occupations. how is the relationship between the professional and the amateur managed in the military, in health services, in the emergency services, etc.? the way journalists talk about cjs you wouldn’t think that 70 per cent of fire fighters in the us are citizen amateurs, or that the invasion and occupation of iraq was undertaken primarily by citizen soldiers in the national guard. this is something the british army is now going to have to deal with.

What do you predict for the future of citizen journalism?

The core will survive indefinitely; the periphery (the modish) will not last long.

Interview with NewsMeBack

Email interview with citizen journalism group, NewsMeBack


Do you consider citizen journalism a gift or menace to news reporters?

Of course as a gift. News reporters need constant news and citizen journalism offers many various photos, reportage and videos.

When do you believe the phrase ‘citizen journalist’ became common?

Citizen journalism idea is not so young, but I suppose around 2009-2010 phrase citizen journalist started to spread around the world, both on online and mainstream media.

Do you believe that the nature of the citizen journalist has changed in the past decade? (e.g. now anybody with a phone can be a journalist).

Sure, today it’s easier than ever to be a citizen journalist. You have the tools and social media, all you need is a gadget and news of course.

What do you consider to be the pros and cons of citizen journalists?

There are really many pros and cons for this phenomenon but here are few maybe most important.

Pros : – Availability to wide range of news, no matter how local they are. This gives citizen journalists real exclusivity.        – Citizen journalists usually cover the news which mainstream media misses, that’s why they are much needed in filling the gaps.

Cons:  – Maybe lack of ethics, but that depends of a person, it is an issue with professional journalists, too.        –  Checking the facts – usually citizen journalists record an event and present it to the public, very often without checking all the facts related to the event.

Do you think there are any economical implications for working news reporters that cause them to rely on citizen journalists?

In the past journalists had to travel to any country for news reporting. Now, there’s no need for that when you have hundreds of ready citizens to report you not on daily but on hourly basis. This gives unique coverage, breaking news and headlines of most important events anywhere in the world. Without delays and waiting.

Do you believe a relationship between the ‘professional’ and the citizen journalist could be successfully operated?

Yes, professional journalists should check citizen journalism news and give their own insights, maybe some additional research if required. All that for better news coverage and audience.

What do you predict for the future of citizen journalism?

Citizen journalism has certain future and growth. Professional journalists will just have to learn to accept and work together with citizen journalists because media is changing every day. And those changes are in favour of citizen journalism.

Pros And Cons Of Citizen Journalism

Citizen journalism seems to be considered a hindrance by many however welcomed by many others. Citizen journalism can be considered raw and uncensored however this could not be portrayed to the public with the skill of a professional. Some consider the practicality of it serves journalism for the better rather than for the worse whereas some see it as a threat to the media and their future. Some believe that they have a future hand in hand so it is vital to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of citizen journalism to analyse how it has changed and will continue to develop in the future.

Pros

There are considered to be many pros to citizen journalism but the most important probably have to be that it adds a wider berth and colour as it collates information that would not have been placed into the public eye otherwise This can be through a poll, blog or comment, this gives a story a multifaceted view rather than that of the journalist who wrote it. NewsMeBack agrees that the pros are that it gives a wider range of news,

“no matter how local they are. This gives citizen journalists real exclusivity”

and as well as this they cover the news that mainstream media misses and Michael Bromley agrees that it gives a “multiplicity of voices”. Citizen journalism group Demotix also believes that

“If a reporter cares about the future of journalism and transparency they should consider citizen journalism a plus.”

This is evidence that they are needed to feel the gaps left.

Social media as a form of citizen journalism is seen as an aid for journalism by many despite its’ downfalls due to the way it breaks news through trending topics and collating all the news in one ideal location. Due to this, it has created a greater interest in news through online discussion and the spreading need to share information with others, as it is stated

“Most people are still happy to rely on mainstream news organisations to sort fact from fiction and serve up a filtered view, but they are increasingly engaged by this information, particularly when recommended by friends or another trusted source”

(Newman, Nic (2009) The rise of social media and its impact on mainstream journalism, Reuters Institute, p.2).

Social media is enabling a powerful form of citizen journalism with live coverage of events such as hurricane Sandy that allow bursts of information as it is happening.

Cons

The issue with citizen journalism is the professionalism of it but as NewsMeBack states it depends on the person and believes it is an issue with professional journalists too. It is argued that for a good story a journalist needs the skills they could only acquire with training however that is not to say that an ordinary person is not capable of objectively telling us the story. For many, citizen journalism isn’t even an attempt at bettering the media, but simply aiding it to report to the mass media or just to get their opinion out on a public scale and as this is the case it makes the material a good read but also one that is looked at with a great scepticism as a big problem with it seems to be checking the facts, e.g.

“usually citizen journalists record an event and present it to the public, very often without checking all the facts related to the event”

(NewsMeBack interview).

Many will look at citizen journalism as lacking the ethical and professional legitimacy of professional as it is stated

“this legitimacy may be unknown with a blog or user-created site and, indeed, there have been cases where individuals have gamed the system, deliberately posting material they know not to be true”

(Kelly, John (2009) Red kayaks and hidden gold: the rise, challenge and value of citizen journalism, Reuters Institute, p.30).

The thing about social media and Twitter is there is a flow of false be it the deaths of numerous celebrities, which can be so easily taken in by the mainstream media hoping to break the story first.

The Nature Of The Citizen Journalist Has Changed

I am going to research into how the nature of citizen journalists has changed and now anybody with a phone can be a journalist.

I believe citizen journalism has developed over time and I am going to look into how the nature of citizen journalists has changed and how the citizen journalist is no longer skilled and technically knowledgeable compared to somebody with the ability to just use their mobile phone.

This has led to a number of research questions which stem from the hypothesis such as:

  • When did the phrase citizen journalism become common? – They are a product of the digital age and the term had to start somewhere.
  • What were people producing in 2001 that was called citizen journalism? – Before we used social media what kind of data was being produced and used by news organisations and people claiming to be citizen journalists.
  • How does citizen journalism compare now in huge events e.g. Hurricane Sandy compared to ones of the past e.g. 9/11? – There has been a development over time of the term citizen journalist which needs to be analysed to see how time has taken its toll.
  • How do other factors such as price of technology affect the citizen journalist? – A smaller factor but one that has an effect compared to the power and money of news organisations.
  • What is a citizen journalist? – There are many different definitions and it is a hard term to fully define.
  • What are the pros and cons of citizen journalism? – There are two sides to the term which need to be analysed to discover if citizen journalism is to be considered an advantage or disadvantage in modern days news reporting.